Rebeka Ralbovská1, Renata Knezović2
1Czech Technical University, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine and Humanities, Praha, Czech Republic; 2Faculty of Medicine UK, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Korespondenční autor: Rebeka Ralbovská (

ISSN 1804-7181 (On-line)

Full verze:
Full version

Submitted:19. 3. 2012
Accepted: 13. 6. 2012
Published online: 20. 12. 2012


The article oves informatik about the trauma experienced by the Jews during the Holocaust and the impal of trauma on next generations. When studying the influence of Holocaust on psychic we consider not only the situation of the camp survivors. We study, too, the psychic and the interpersonal relations of the so called “hidden-children” (those who were hiding before transport with their parents or alone at foreign people) and we study, too, those who were born after the war to the parents-survivors. The dissertation will focus on social mechanisms of collective identity and collective memory which facilitate a trangenrational transfer of the experience of Holocaust. The professional access to them in the health and social care can be improved by under standing and awareness of personal stories of such people.

Keywords: transgeneration transport of trauma; PTSD; Holocaust; shoah; victim; hidden-children


1. Alexander J et al. (2004). Cultural trauma and collective identity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. 154 p. ISBN 0–511–02897–0.

2. Dasberg H (1995). The National Center for Psychosocial Support of Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation: Raisonsd’ Etre. A global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: JDC, p. 7–13. ISBN 1–56000–290–5.

3. Durst N (1995). Child Survivors: A child survives… and then what? A global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: JDC, p. 158–171. ISBN 1–56000– 290–5.

4. Epsteinová H (1994). Děti holocaustu [Children of Holocaust] Prague: Volvox Globator, 235 p. ISBN 80–7254–321–0.

5. Fogelman E (1995). The Psychology behind being a hidden-child. The Hidden – Children – the Secret Survivors of the Holocaust. London: Bantam Books, p. 390–428. ISBN 9780553409369.

6. Goffman E (2003). Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. New York: Simon&Schuster, Inc. 167 p. ISBN 0–671–62244–7.

7. Hitler A (2000). Mein Kampf. Prague: Otakar II., 510 p. ISBN 80–86355–26–8.

8. Honzák R (2011). Holocaust – nezacelená rána [Holocaust, an Unhealed Wound]. Psychosom. IX/1: 60–62. ISSN 1214–6102 (Czech).

9. Jeleniewsky Seidler V (2000). Shadows of the Shoah: Jewish identity and belonging. Oxford: Berg. 161 p. ISBN 1–85973–360–3.

10. Johnson P (2007). Dějiny židovského národa [A History of the Jews]. Prague: Nakladatelství Rozmluvy. 591 p. ISBN 8085336383 (Czech).

11. Karpf A (1997). The War After: Living with the holocaust. London: Minerva. 215 p. ISBN 978– 0434002399.

12. Klímová H, Roubalová Kostlánová V (2011). Transgenerační přenos traumatu a možnost uzdravování [Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma and the Possibility of Healing]. Psychosom. IX/1: 8–36. ISSN 1214–6102 (Czech).

13. Linden RR (1993). Making Stories, Making Selves: Feminist Reflections on the Holocaust. Columbus: Ohio State University.

14. McClung F, Jr. (1991). Otče, sjednoť nás [Father, Make Us One]. Prague: LOGOS, 174 p. ISBN 80– 85335–06–9 (Czech).

15. Mlynárik J (2005). Dějiny Židů na Slovensku [History of the Jews in the Slovakia]. Prague: Academia, 376 p. ISBN 80–200–1301–6 (Czech).

16. Pavlát L et al. (2005). Židé: Dějiny a kultura [Jews: History and Culture]. Prague: Židovské muzeum. 160 p. ISBN 80–86889–11–4 (Czech).

17. Ralbovská R (2010). Multikulturní přístup pro pomáhající profese [Multicultural Approach for the Helping Professions]. Prague: EVC. 120 p. ISBN 978–80–87386–09–5 (Czech).

18. Šamánková D (2002). Mezigenerační přenos traumatu holocaustu [Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma of the Holocaust]. Psychiatrie. VI/2: 84–91. ISSN 1211–7579 (Czech).

19. Wistrich R (2008). Hitler a holocaust [Hitler and the Holocaust]. Prague: Slovart. 328 p. ISBN 978– 80–73911560 (Czech).

20. Zaviš M (2008). Repetitórium z religionistiky [Overview of Religions]. Bratislava: EBF UK. 100 p. ISBN 978–80–223–2554–7 (Slovak).