Strenghtening nutrition-sensitive agriculture through bio fortification: introducing a comprehensive framework based on findings from a Canadian/Ethiopian project

Carol J. Henry1, Patience Elabor-Idemudia2, Sheleme Beyene3, Susan J. Whiting1, Nigatu Regassa1
1University of Saskatchewan, College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, Saskatoon, Canada 2University of Saskatchewan, Department Sociology, Saskatoon, Canada 3Hawassa University, College of Agriculture, Awassa, Ethiopia

Korespondenční autor: Carol J Henry (cj.henry@usask.ca)

ISSN 1804-7181 (On-line)

Full verze:
Full version

Submitted:8. 6. 2015
Accepted: 15. 10. 2015
Published online: 30. 6. 2016

Summary

This paper examines the links between agriculture and nutrition as it seeks to address food and nutrition security in Southern Ethiopia. It draws on data from field research supported by the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund, through the International Development Research Center/Global Affairs Canada. The review aims to introduce a comprehensive framework linking pulse food productivity, bioavailability of micronutrients from pulses through household level processing, nutrition education, and marketing, and their leverage on nutrition security. The development of the framework and subsequent discussion are based on key findings of selected analysis of research conducted in two large pulse producing regions of Ethiopia (SNNPR and Oromia). In order to simplify the understanding of the pathways, 20 case studies conducted by independent research teams are cited and reviewed in the results section, and these are presented under four headings: 1) Agronomic practices and soil management; 2) Pulse based food processing; 3) Nutrition education; and 4) Gender and livelihood. It is noted that effective application of the framework creates an enabling environment for agriculture to become more nutrition-sensitive to respond to the growing concerns of hidden hunger and malnutrition among Ethiopian households.

Keywords: agriculture; biofortification; bioavailability; gender; nutrition; pulse crops

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