Availability and financial demands of a glutenfree diet

Denisa Machovcová
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Institute of Laboratory Diagnostics and Public Health, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Korespondenční autor: Denisa Machovcová (machovcova6@seznam.cz)

ISSN 1804-7181 (On-line)

Full verze:
Full version

Submitted:24. 11. 2021
Accepted: 17. 3. 2022
Published online: 30. 6. 2022

Summary

Celiac disease (also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, or gluten enteropathy) is a term for a lifelong chronic autoimmune disease. One of the primary therapeutic approaches is introducing a special glutenfree diet. This diet is demanding in terms of preparation, finances, and availability. We cooperated with a nutritional therapist and a general nurse working in a gastroenterology surgery to achieve the goal of finding out the availability of a gluten-free diet when eating out, the reasons why patients most often violate the set diet, and the financial demands of a gluten-free diet compared to a normal diet. We used a questionnaire to obtain information about these problems. The questionnaire was sent electronically to patients who had been diagnosed with celiac disease and confirmed that they followed a glutenfree diet. They filled in the questionnaires anonymously and sent them back to the researcher. We used 296 questionnaires for evaluation. The results showed that 20.3% of respondents did not go to mass caterers (for many reasons). The remaining 79.7% went to such facilities despite dietary restrictions. 80% of respondents reported going to such facilities less than once a week. 11.7% of respondents go to such facilities once a week, and 8.4% go there every other day. Another reason for not going to such facilities is a higher price than a regular diet.

Keywords: Availability of meals; Celiac disease; Dietician; Diets away from home; Financial demandingness; Gastroenterological surgeries

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