LIFE GOALS AND CONCERNS DURING PUBESCENCE AND ADOLESCENCE

Ilona Lískovcová, Vladimír Vurm
University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Health and Social Studies, Department of Public and Social Health Care, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Korespondenční autor: Ilona Lískovcová (liskovcova@medipont.cz)

ISSN 1804-7181 (On-line)

Full verze:
Full version

Submitted:25. 4. 2009
Accepted: 9. 11. 2010
Published online: 27. 12. 2010

Summary

Aim: The primary aim was to map out the choice of life goals and concerns for respondents during their pubescence and adolescence and the secondary aim was to compare changes in choices made in 1996, 2003 and 2009. Changes in the perception of life goals and sources of concern or threats at the time of pubescence and adolescence were compared, along with the choices the respondents made in 1996, 2003 and 2009. We were interested to see if the choice of respondents differed in the different periods of their development and individual years. It was monitored if the frequency of the following was on the decrease or increase: the need for material values, the need for personal success, and focusing on the future and general welfare.

Methodology: The research focused on České Budějovice Grammar School students at the age of 11 to 14 (pubescence) and 15 to 19 (adolescence). The research was of a quantitative nature and the questionnaire method was employed. In 2003 and 2009 České Budějovice Grammar Schools students were approached and asked to fill in a questionnaire. 171 pubescent respondents and 204 adolescent respondents participated in the research. The first hypothesis assumed that life goals and sources of concern and threat will be identical for pubescent and adolescent respondents. The second hypothesis assumed that the choice of life goals and concerns will differ in 2003 and 2009 compared to 1996. To evaluate the data acquired from the questionnaires and to carry out the follow-up comparison of situational analysis of 1996 and 2003 and 2009 (adolescence period), the MS Office-Excel program was used, in particular its function of descriptive statistics.

Results: The research showed that in 2003 the choice of life goals and sources of concern of the adolescent and pubescent respondents was quite identical. In 2009 a significant concordance was seen in both monitored groups of the respondents when they selected the need for health and concern of starting a family. The comparison of situational analysis from 1996 with the answers of adolescent respondents in 2003 and 2009 showed that their objectives and concerns in 1996 were markedly different to 2003 and 2009. Both hypothesis were confirmed.

Conclusion: The research showed that in the same year the choice of life goals and concerns of the adolescent and the pubescent was not significantly different, but it differed in various years.

Keywords: pubescence; adolescence; life goals; concerns; threats

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