The status of the Romany woman in the family and in society

Alena Kajanová, David Urban, Pavlína Adamcová
University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Health and Social Studies, Department of Social Work, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Korespondenční autor: Alena Kajanová (

ISSN 1804-7181 (On-line)

Full verze:
Full version

Submitted:15. 7. 2013
Accepted: 2. 12. 2013
Published online: 30. 12. 2013


The aim of this survey study is to highlight the changes in the status of the Romany woman in the family and in society. The status of the Romany woman had always been one of subordination to the Romany man. The woman was responsible for the household and care of the children and family, and even for its livelihood if necessary. The woman’s position was determined by her age, fertility, and number of children, and, to a certain extent, did not allow access to education or the official job market. Currently, we are seeing efforts of emancipation of Romany women in the family, where the younger generation is already making their decisions about the number of children they will have and when they will have them, just as they are have “more independence” regarding the question of marriage and independence from men. The status of the Romany woman in society seems to be changing at a somewhat slower pace than her status in the family, and is influenced by such elements as the lack of opportunities to participate in the job market, which is often resolved by early and frequent motherhood. This reality completes the cycle that prevents a more progressive emancipation of the Romany woman in both of the situations described, which, of course, overlap in real world situations Organisations dedicated to the status of Romany women that have begun to emerge over the past decade have also played a significant role in this area.


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